Efektivitas Latihan Otot Dasar Panggul dalam Mencegah Konstipasi Pasien Stroke Non Hemoragik

  • Veroneka Yosefpa Windahandayani Universitas Katolik Musi Charitas
  • Yakobus Siswad
  • Emiliana Tijtra

Abstract

Konstipasi banyak ditemukan pada pasien stroke non hemoragik. Konstipasi ini disebabkan oleh  gangguan hubungan antara sistem saraf dan pencernaan akibat penyumbatan pembuluh darah otak oleh trombus atau embolus. Bahayanya adalah saat mengejan akibat konstipasi, terjadi peningkatan tekanan intra kranial, sehingga penting dilakukan pencegahan konstipasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menilai efektivitas latihan otot dasar panggul dalam mencegah konstipasi pada stroke non hemoragik. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasy experiment terhadap 66 subjek yang dipilih dengan teknik purposive sampling, masing-masing 33 subjek pada kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol. Latihan otot dasar panggul dilakukan 3 kali sehari selama 3 hari dan dievaluasi pada hari ke-4, konstipasi diukur menggunakan Bristol Stool Chart. Berdasarkan uji statistic Chi-square, didapatkan bahwa ada perbedaan kejadian mencegah konstipasi subjek stroke non hemoragik, antar kelompok kontrol dan intervensi (p<0,05). Kesimpulannya adalah latihan otot dasar panggul efektif mencegah konstipasi pada subjek dengan stroke non hemoragik. Peneliti merekomendasikan pasien stroke non hemoragik untuk melakukan latihan otot dasar panggul secara rutin dengan bantuan keluarga.

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Published
2021-03-04
How to Cite
Windahandayani, V., Siswad, Y., & Tijtra, E. (2021). Efektivitas Latihan Otot Dasar Panggul dalam Mencegah Konstipasi Pasien Stroke Non Hemoragik. Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek, 27(1), 16-22. https://doi.org/10.36452/jkdoktmeditek.v27i1.1924
Section
Artikel Penelitian