Pemeriksaan Diagnosis Laboratorium COVID-19: Keterbatasan dan Tantangannya Saat Ini

Authors

  • Wani Devita Gunardi Departemen Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36452/jkdoktmeditek.v27i2.2036

Keywords:

COVID-19, Tes Molekuler, Imunoserologi

Abstract

Corona Virus Disease 19 (penyakit COVID-19) yang disebabkan oleh virus Corona pertama kali merebak di kota Wuhan di China pada akhir Desember 2019 dan masih berlangsung sampai dengan saat ini. Diagnosis COVID-19 biasanya didasarkan pada anamnesis riwayat perjalanan seseorang dari daerah pandemik, gejala klinis dan beberapa pemeriksaan laboratorium. Pemeriksaan laboratorium yang cepat dan spesifik sangat diperlukan untuk mempercepat penanganan atau mengendalikan kasus. Sampai saat ini metode pemeriksaan yang cepat dan akurat masih terus dikembangkan. Oleh karena itu, pada tulisan ini akan dibahas mengenai beberapa metode pemeriksaan COVID-19, kelebihan dan kekurangannya serta cara memilih metode pemeriksan yang tepat. Metode yang akan dibahas antara lain yaitu metode molekuler, imunoserologi, radiologi, rapid antigen, GeNose, dan metode lainnya seperti nano-biosensor dan CRISPR.

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Published

2021-06-25 — Updated on 2021-06-25

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How to Cite

Gunardi, W. D. (2021). Pemeriksaan Diagnosis Laboratorium COVID-19: Keterbatasan dan Tantangannya Saat Ini. Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek, 27(2), 173–182. https://doi.org/10.36452/jkdoktmeditek.v27i2.2036

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Tinjauan Pustaka